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The Anti-Federalist Papers

The Anti-Federalist Papers

~1~

A Dangerous Plan of Benefit Only to the Aristocratick Combination

~2~

“We Have Been Told of Phantoms”

~3~

New Constitution Creates a National Government; Will Not Abate Foreign Influence; Dangers of Civil War and Despotism

~4~

Foreign Wars, Civil Wars, and Indian Wars – Three Bugbears

~5~

Scotland and England – A Case in Point

~6~

The Hobgoblins of Anarchy and Dissensions Among The States

~7~

Adoption of the Constitution Will Lead to Civil War

~8~

The Power Vested in Congress of Sending Troops for Suppressing Insurrections Will Always Enable Them to Stifle the First Struggles of Freedom

~9~

A Consolidated Government is a Tyranny

~10~

On the Preservation of Parties, Public Liberty Depends

~11~

Unrestricted Power Over Commerce Should Not Be Given the National Government

~12~

How Will the New Government Raise Money?

~13~

The Expense of the New Government

~14~

Extent of Territory Under Consolidated Government Too Large to Preserve Liberty or Protect Property

~15~

Rhode Island is Right!

~16~

Europeans Admire and Federalists Decry the Present System

~17~

Federalist Power Will Ultimately Subvert State Authority
~18-20a~ What Does History Teach? (Part I)
~18-20b~ What Does History Teach? (Part II)

~21~

Why the Articles Failed

~22~

Articles of Confederation Simply Requires Amendments, Particularly for Commercial Power and Judicial Power; Constitution Goes Too Far

~23~

Certain Powers Necessary for the Common defense, Can and Should be Limited

~24~

Objections to a Standing Army (Part I)

~25~

Objections to a Standing Army (Part II)

~26~

The Use of Coercion by the New Government (Part I)

~27~

The Use of Coercion by the New Government (Part II)

~28~

The Use of Coercion by the New Government (Part III)

~29~

Objections to National Control of the Militia
~30-31~ A Virginia Antifederalist on the Issue of Taxation

~32~

Federal Taxation and the Doctrine of Implied Powers (Part I)

~33~

Federal Taxation and the Doctrine of Implied Powers (Part II)

~34~

The Problem of Concurrent Taxation

~35~

Federal Taxing Power Must be Restrained

~36~

Representation and Internal Taxation

~37~

Factions and The Constitution

~38~

Some Reactions to Federalist Arguments

~39~

Appearance and Reality – The Form is Federal; The Effect is National

~40~

On the Motivations and Authority of the Founding Fathers

~41-43~

“The Quantity of Power the Union Must Possess is one Thing; The Mode of Exercising the Powers Given is Quite a Different Consideration” – Part I

~41-43~

“The Quantity of Power the Union Must Possess is One Thing; The Mode of Exercising the Powers Given is Quite a Different Consideration” – Part II

~44~

What Congress Can Do; What A State Can Not

~45~

Powers of National Government Dangerous to State Governments; New York as an Example

~46~

“Where Then is the Restraint?”

~47~

“Balance” of Departments not Achieved Under New Constitution

~48~

No Separation of Departments Results in No Responsibility

~49~

On Constitutional Conventions – Part I

~50~

On Constitutional Conventions – Part II

~51~

Do Checks and Balances Really Secure the Rights of the People?

~52~

On the Guarantee of Congressional Biennial Elections

~53~

A Plea for the Right of Recall

~54~

Apportionment and Slavery: Northern and Southern Views

~55~

Will The House of Representatives be Genuinely Representative? – Part I

~56~

Will The House of Representatives be Genuinely Representative? – Part II

~57~

Will The House of Representatives be Genuinely Representative? – Part III

~58~

Will The House of Representatives be Genuinely Representative? – Part IV

~59~

The Danger of Congressional Control of Elections

~60~

Will the Constitution Promote the Interests of Favorite Classes?

~61~

Questions and Comments on the Constitutional Provisions Regarding the Election of Congressmen

~62~

On the Organization and Powers of the Senate – Part I

~63~

On the Organization and Powers of the Senate – Part II

~64~

On the Organization and Powers of the Senate – Part III

~65~

On the Organization and Powers of the Senate – Part IV

~66~

From North Carolina

~67~

Various Fears Concerning the Executive Department

~68~

On the Mode of Electing the President

~69~

The Character of the Executive Office

~70~

The Powers and Dangerous Potentials of His Elected Majesty

~71~

The Presidential Term of Office

~72~

On the Electoral College; On Re-eligibility of the President

~73~

Does the Presidential Veto Power Infringe on the Separation of Departments?

~74~

The President as Military King

~75~

A Note Protesting the Treaty-making Provisions of the Constitution

~76-77~

An Antifederalist View of the Appointing Power Under the Constitution

~78-79~

The Power of the Judiciary – Part I

~80~

The Power of the Judiciary – Part II

~82~

The Power of the Judiciary – Part III

~83~

The Federal Judiciary and the Issue of Trial by Jury

~84~

On the Lack of a Bill of Rights

 
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